The countryside is the new frontline of urbanisation in China. […] Spatial design is seen as a tool to problematise and understand the asymmetric relationships created by continuous capitalist accumulation – the process of urbanisation – and to shape alternative social relationships at the scales of territory, settlement and home.

This thesis argues that flexibility, antithetically, operates as an architectural tool towards the transformation of spaces that become far from being ‘free’, and instead alienate and restrict their inhabitants. In a period during which production has become a totalizing condition and has spread into the entire city, flexibility translates into a contemporary disguise covering the rigidity and stiffness of the market.

The thesis puts forward the project of the garden as an articulation of the political through space. Upon such understanding, the thesis aims to produce a set of design strategies that rethink the relation between public open spaces and private interiors.

The thesis investigates the project of Housing as a governance strategy and an instrument for initiating social, political and economic reforms in Iran.

Brazil is the territory of the encounter with “another nature”, where a continuous negotiation between exploitation and the impossibility of a complete domination generates a tension that cannot be resolved thus constantly re-emerges in the cultural, social and politico-economical milieu.