The countryside is the new frontline of urbanisation in China. […] Spatial design is seen as a tool to problematise and understand the asymmetric relationships created by continuous capitalist accumulation – the process of urbanisation – and to shape alternative social relationships at the scales of territory, settlement and home.

This thesis argues that flexibility, antithetically, operates as an architectural tool towards the transformation of spaces that become far from being ‘free’, and instead alienate and restrict their inhabitants. In a period during which production has become a totalizing condition and has spread into the entire city, flexibility translates into a contemporary disguise covering the rigidity and stiffness of the market.

[…] Despite having quite controversial agendas, these examples share a crucial pedagogical dimension: they have turned gardening into a sort of self-care and, therefore, of inherent resilience. Hence the thesis poses a dialectic relationship between historical analysis and design methodology, as it re-appropriates the knowledge gained from each paradigm to propose collective gardens that challenge mainstream ideas of ownership in cities under increasing real-estate pressure. […]

The thesis investigates the project of Housing as a governance strategy and an instrument for initiating social, political and economic reforms in Iran.

Brazil is the territory of the encounter with “another nature”, where a continuous negotiation between exploitation and the impossibility of a complete domination generates a tension that cannot be resolved thus constantly re-emerges in the cultural, social and politico-economical milieu.